Overview of State

The Emirate of Abu Dhabi’s rapid population growth alongside global issues such as climate change, have led to a number of pressures on the emirate’s environment. Air quality remains within the limits set by UAE standards, but pollutants are expected to increase with population and economic growth. Groundwater levels are in steady decline, with renewable fresh water resources below the water scarcity threshold to meet the emirate’s needs. While marine water quality is generally good, measures must be taken to prevent the loss of key habitats and further over-exploitation of fisheries, which is currently five times greater than a sustainable level. Rapid development and climate change are threatening the emirate’s biodiversity, however monitoring and conservation programmes and well-managed Protected Areas are working to protect species from various threats.

Environmental Themes

Current State
Key Performance Indicators
Air Quality
76 %
Percentage of time within national air quality limits in 2015
Data on sustainability of land for their current land uses will be available in 2020
Water Resources
2,013 Mm3
Groundwater abstracted in 2015 (projected value)
Marine Water Quality
94 %
Of monitored sites met good microbial water quality standard in 2015
80 %
Of terrestrial and marine habitat baseline area retained in Abu Dhabi Emirate in 2015


Priority Issues

Climate Change
40.55 Tonnes/Capita CO2
(Based on mid-year revised 2012 population estimates provided by SCAD)
7.6 %
Of fish harvested sustainably in 2015
12.6 %
Reduction of all water use in Forestry in 2016
1.65 KG Per Capita
Per day of municipal solid waste generated in 2015

Abu Dhabi State Of Environment Report

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