Waste can be categorised as either hazardous or nonhazardous, and it is either disposed of or is waiting to be disposed. It may be generated during the extraction of raw materials, the processing of raw materials into intermediate and final products, the consumption of final products, or other human activities. The key challenge facing Abu Dhabi Emirate over the last few decades is the amount of waste generated, a figure which has increased rapidly as a result of a growing population and high-consuming society. Official 2015 figures estimated that 8.48 million tonnes of waste was generated, more than 23,200 tonnes per day. Along with the large quantities of waste dumped at thousands of illegal sites scattered around the emirate, this poses a significant threat to the emirate’s biodiversity and threatens the health of the general population.
per day of municipal solid waste generated in 2015
There is a continued increase in waste volumes and illegal dumping, reflecting the lack of appropriate infrastructure in the emirate. In 2015 the waste per capita was 1.65 kg/day of municipal solid waste.